Am I entitled to pain and suffering in my Virginia workers compensation claim?

Am I entitled to pain and suffering in my Virginia workers compensation claim?

Am I Entitled to Pain and Suffering in My Virginia Workers’ Compensation Claim?

When you suffer a work-related injury in Virginia, you may be entitled to various benefits under the state’s workers’ compensation system. These benefits primarily include payment for medical expenses and lost wages. However, one common question that many injured workers have is whether they can seek compensation for pain and suffering as part of their workers’ compensation claim.

Understanding the Purpose of Workers’ Compensation

Before delving into the specifics of pain and suffering, it is important to grasp the fundamental purpose of Virginia’s workers’ compensation system. The state’s laws regarding workers’ compensation were created to provide a streamlined process for injured workers to receive benefits without the need to prove fault.

The primary objective of workers’ compensation laws is to ensure that injured employees promptly receive necessary medical treatment and financial support while they recover from their injuries. This system aims to provide a no-fault insurance benefit to employees who suffer injuries, regardless of whether the employer or the employee is at fault.

Pain and Suffering in Virginia Workers’ Compensation Claims

Under Virginia law, workers’ compensation benefits are generally limited to medical expenses and compensation for lost wages. Unlike personal injury lawsuits, pain and suffering is not typically compensated in workers’ compensation claims.

The Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act, which governs workers’ compensation claims in the state, does not include pain and suffering as a compensable benefit. Instead, the emphasis is placed on providing medical treatment and wage replacement benefits to injured employees.

The Exception: Disfigurement or Permanent Total Disability

While pain and suffering is not typically compensable, there are two exceptions in Virginia where it may be considered as part of a workers’ compensation claim. These exceptions include cases involving disfigurement or permanent total disability.

Disfigurement: If your work-related injury results in a serious disfigurement, such as scarring, loss or impairment of bodily function, or a noticeable change in appearance, you may be entitled to additional compensation beyond the usual medical and wage benefits. This additional compensation aims to address the psychological and emotional impact associated with disfigurement.

Permanent Total Disability (PTD): In cases where an injured worker is deemed permanently and totally disabled, which means the injury completely prevents them from returning to any type of work, Virginia law allows for additional compensation. The compensation in such cases is intended to address not only the economic losses but also the pain and suffering associated with the permanent disability.

Seeking Legal Assistance for Your Claim

Workers’ compensation laws can be complex, and understanding your rights and entitlements can be challenging. If you have been injured at work and have questions about your claim or the benefits you may seek, it is crucial to seek the guidance of an experienced workers’ compensation attorney.

A knowledgeable attorney with expertise in Virginia workers’ compensation can evaluate the specific circumstances of your case and guide you through the claims process. They can help ensure that you pursue all available benefits and provide you with the best chance of receiving fair compensation for your injuries.


While pain and suffering is generally not compensable in Virginia workers’ compensation claims, there are a few exceptions, notably cases involving significant disfigurement or permanent total disability. Understanding these exceptions and securing the assistance of a skilled workers’ compensation attorney can greatly enhance your chances of receiving the full benefits you may be entitled to under Virginia law.