How to File for Divorce in Roanoke

Going through a divorce can be a challenging process. However, understanding the steps involved in filing for divorce in Roanoke can provide some clarity during this difficult time. This step-by-step guide will outline the essential elements you need to consider when filing for divorce in Roanoke, Virginia.

Step 1: Establish Residency

In order to file for divorce in Roanoke, you or your spouse must have been a bona fide resident of Virginia for at least six months prior to initiating the divorce proceedings. Additionally, one of you must have been a resident of Roanoke for at least six months prior to filing in the city.

Step 2: Grounds for Divorce

Virginia recognizes both fault-based and no-fault grounds for divorce. The most commonly used no-fault ground is a separation of at least one year or six months if you have no minor children and have entered into a Property Settlement Agreement. If you wish to pursue a fault-based divorce, grounds such as adultery, cruelty, desertion, or felony conviction may be applicable. Discuss the grounds for divorce with your attorney to determine the most suitable option for your case.

Step 3: Gather Required Documentation

Before proceeding, you will need to collect certain documents and information to support your divorce case. These may include:

a) Marriage Certificate: Proof of your marriage is essential when filing for divorce. Ensure you have a certified copy of your marriage certificate.

b) Financial Documents: Compile financial documents such as tax returns, bank statements, pay stubs, and any other relevant information regarding your income, assets, and debts.

c) Property Inventory: Create an inventory of all marital property, including real estate, vehicles, and other assets acquired during the marriage.

d) Child Custody and Support: If you have minor children, gather information about their custody arrangements, education, health insurance, and any financial support provided by either parent.

Step 4: Prepare Divorce Petition

Next, you’ll need to prepare a divorce petition, which formally initiates the divorce process. The petition should include relevant information about you, your spouse, your marriage, grounds for divorce, and any relief you seek, such as spousal or child support, custody, or property division.

Step 5: Filing the Petition

Once your divorce petition is complete, you must file it with the appropriate court. In Roanoke, Virginia, divorce cases are filed with the Roanoke Circuit Court. Depending on your circumstances, you may need to pay a filing fee at the time of submission. Ensure that you make at least two copies of all documents, including the petition, to keep for your records and to serve on your spouse.

Step 6: Serving Your Spouse

After filing the petition, you must provide your spouse with a copy of the petition and related documents. This is known as “service of process” and must comply with the required legal procedures. Options for service include personal delivery, certified mail, or publication if your spouse cannot be located.

Step 7: Waiting Period

After service of process, a waiting period begins. Virginia law requires at least one year of separation if minor children are involved, or six months if no minor children are present and a Property Settlement Agreement has been reached. During this time, temporary support, custody, and visitation arrangements can be established if necessary. Consult with your attorney to ensure all steps comply with Virginia law.

Step 8: Negotiations and Mediation

Prior to trial, you and your spouse may engage in settlement negotiations, mediation, or alternative dispute resolution processes. These methods can help resolve issues related to property division, child custody, and support without the need for a trial.

Step 9: Finalizing the Divorce

In Virginia, the final step in the divorce process is the divorce hearing. This hearing, conducted by a judge, reviews the terms of your divorce and ensures they are fair and reasonable. If the judge approves, a final divorce decree will be issued, legally terminating your marriage.


Filing for divorce in Roanoke, Virginia involves several important steps and considerations. This guide can serve as a starting point to help you navigate the divorce process. However, it is crucial to consult with a knowledgeable divorce attorney who can provide personalized advice and guide you through the legal complexities of your individual case. By understanding the steps and being well-prepared, you can approach the divorce process with confidence and clarity.