My Workers’ Compensation Claim Was Denied, Now What?

Experiencing an injury while performing your job duties can be physically, emotionally, and financially draining. This is precisely why workers’ compensation exists – to provide much-needed financial support and medical care to injured workers like you. However, despite the intention of the system, workers’ compensation claims can be denied, leaving you feeling uncertain about your next steps.

If your workers’ compensation claim has been denied in Virginia, it’s crucial not to lose hope. There are options available for pursuing the benefits you rightfully deserve. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of what you should do if you find yourself in this unfortunate situation.

1. Understand the Reason behind the Denial

When your workers’ compensation claim is denied, the first step is to determine why your claim was rejected. In Virginia, there are various reasons for claim denials, including:

– Lack of timely reporting: Virginia law requires injured workers to report their workplace injuries within 30 days to their employer, except in exceptional circumstances. Failure to report within this timeframe can lead to claim denial.
– Disputes regarding the injury: Employers or insurance companies may contest whether your injury occurred from a work-related incident. They might argue that your injury is unrelated to your employment or that it did not happen as you described.
– Insufficient medical evidence: An insurance company may deny your claim if they believe the medical evidence provided does not establish a connection between your injury and your work.
– Missed deadlines: Virginia law stipulates specific deadlines for filing claims and appealing denials. Failure to comply with these deadlines can result in the denial of your claim.

Understanding the specific reason for your claim denial will allow you to focus on the necessary steps to address it.

2. Consult with an Experienced Workers’ Compensation Attorney

While you might be feeling overwhelmed and uncertain about how to move forward, seeking legal assistance from an experienced workers’ compensation attorney can be invaluable at this stage. A skilled attorney will help you navigate the complexities of the legal system and advocate for your rights.

In Virginia, the workers’ compensation laws are governed by the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act (VWCA). Engaging an attorney knowledgeable in the VWCA and its corresponding regulations can significantly enhance your chances of a successful outcome. They will guide you through the process, ensuring you meet all necessary deadlines and compile sufficient evidence to support your claim.

3. File an Appeal with the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Commission

If your claim has been denied, you have the right to appeal the decision. In Virginia, you must file an appeal with the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Commission (VWCC) within two years of the date you first received notice of your claim denial. It is important not to delay this step, as missing the appeal deadline can severely impact your ability to obtain benefits.

The appeal process involves submitting a formal request to the VWCC, which includes a detailed explanation of your case, supporting documents, and any other evidence that reinforces your claim. An experienced attorney will skillfully guide you through this process, helping you compile a strong appeal.

4. Prepare for the Appeals Hearing

A claim denial will generally lead to a hearing before the VWCC. During this hearing, you will have the opportunity to present evidence, testify, and provide witnesses, if necessary. Your attorney will help prepare you for this hearing by gathering relevant medical records, obtaining expert opinions, and establishing the connection between your injury and your work environment.

It is essential to remember that during an appeal hearing, the burden of proving your entitlement to workers’ compensation benefits lies with you. Therefore, meticulous preparation, thorough documentation, and compelling arguments are crucial.

5. Explore Negotiation and Settlement Options

While pursuing an appeal is often necessary to secure the benefits you deserve, it is worthwhile to consider negotiation and settlement options. Collaborating with your attorney, you can explore potential settlements with the insurance company that may be more expedient and less stressful than going through the appeals process.

Your attorney will negotiate on your behalf, ensuring any settlement offer adequately compensates you for your injuries, medical expenses, lost wages, and other related costs. While reaching a settlement is not always possible, it can provide a faster resolution and bring some relief during a challenging time.


Facing a denied workers’ compensation claim in Virginia can be disheartening, but it is important to remember that the process doesn’t end there. By understanding the reason for denial, consulting with an experienced attorney, filing an appeal with the VWCC, preparing for the appeals hearing, and exploring settlement options, you can navigate the complex workers’ compensation system and fight for the benefits you rightfully deserve.