Understanding Medical Benefits in Virginia Workers’ Compensation

In cases where an employee suffers a work-related injury or occupational disease, the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act ensures they have access to necessary medical treatment and services. These medical benefits encompass a wide range of provisions, including hospitalization, surgeries, medications, rehabilitation, and assistive devices, all aimed at facilitating the injured employee’s recovery. It is crucial to acknowledge that medical benefits cover both initial treatment and any subsequent healthcare requirements arising from the work-related injury.

Timely Reporting and Seeking Medical Attention

To avail the full range of medical benefits, it is imperative for employees to promptly report their work-related injuries to their employer or supervisor. Virginia law stipulates that employees are obligated to inform their employer about the accident causing the injury within thirty days of its occurrence. Delayed reporting may hinder the employee’s ability to access the necessary medical treatment promptly.

Selection of Authorized Physicians

In Virginia, injured employees have the right to choose their treating physicians from a panel of at least three authorized healthcare providers provided by the employer or their insurer. This panel must be conspicuously posted at the workplace to ensure transparency and facilitate fair selection. It is essential to consult the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act sections 65.2-603 and 65.2-604 for specific provisions related to the selection of authorized physicians.

Coverage of Medical Expenses

Virginia workers’ compensation laws encompass a broad spectrum of medical expenses, ensuring that injured workers receive comprehensive healthcare coverage. Such expenses may include but are not limited to:

1. Physician Visits: Medical benefits under workers’ compensation can cover costs associated with consultations, examinations, and monitoring provided by authorized physicians.
2. Hospitalization: Expenses related to a hospital stay, including surgeries, laboratory tests, and radiology services, are typically covered under workers’ compensation if they are necessary for the employee’s treatment.
3. Medications: The cost of prescribed medications may be covered under medical benefits. The Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act also encourages the use of generic drugs when they are available.
4. Rehabilitation: If an injury requires rehabilitative services, such as physical therapy or occupational therapy, workers’ compensation may provide coverage for these treatments.
5. Assistive Devices: Injured workers who require crutches, braces, prosthetics, or other assistive devices may be eligible for reimbursement or coverage of these expenses.
6. Radiology and Laboratory Tests: Procedures such as X-rays, MRIs, CT scans, blood tests, and other diagnostic tests are generally covered under medical benefits when deemed necessary for the injured worker’s diagnosis, treatment, or monitoring.

Seeking Authorization for Medical Services

To ensure the smooth processing of medical benefits claims, it is vital for injured employees to understand the significance of obtaining authorization for specific medical services. Virginia law mandates that any medical treatment beyond the initial emergency care requires prior authorization from the employer, its insurer, or the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Commission. Failure to obtain proper authorization could jeopardize the employee’s ability to receive reimbursement for medical expenses incurred.

Navigating Disputes and Challenging Denials

Unfortunately, disputes may sometimes arise between injured workers and their employers or insurers over medical benefits. In such cases, employees have the right to seek a hearing before the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Commission. The Commission adjudicates disputes and renders decisions based on the evidence and applicable provisions of the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act, with specific sections including 65.2-702 through 65.2-708. Employees can also engage the services of competent and experienced workers’ compensation attorneys to guide them through the dispute resolution process and protect their rights.


Understanding the nuances of medical benefits in Virginia workers’ compensation is crucial for both employees and employers. By comprehending the provisions of the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act, injured workers can ensure they receive the necessary medical treatment and services while employers can fulfill their obligations under the law. Remember, promptly reporting injuries, selecting authorized healthcare providers, and seeking proper authorization for medical services are vital steps in accessing the full scope of medical benefits available. By staying informed and knowledgeable, employees can navigate the workers’ compensation system with confidence, safeguarding their health and well-being in the process.