Understanding Virginia Workers’ Compensation Claims

Workers’ compensation is a state-mandated insurance program that provides medical, wage replacement, and rehabilitation benefits to employees who sustain work-related injuries or illnesses. In Virginia, this system is governed by the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act (VWCA), specifically Title 65.2 of the Code of Virginia.

Eligibility and Coverage

Most employees in Virginia are covered by the workers’ compensation system. Generally, any injury or illness arising out of and in the course of employment may qualify for benefits. However, certain exceptions and limitations exist, such as injuries resulting from willful misconduct, intoxication, or self-inflicted harm.

Filing a Claim

To initiate a workers’ compensation claim in Virginia, it is crucial to report the injury to your employer as soon as possible. Virginia law requires notification within 30 days of the accident or diagnosis of an occupational disease. Failure to comply with this requirement may result in the denial of benefits. Furthermore, a formal claim with the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Commission (VWCC) must be filed within two years from the date of the accident or the manifestation of an occupational disease.

Navigating the Claims Process

Upon filing a claim, several steps are involved in the workers’ compensation process. First, your employer’s insurance carrier will investigate the claim and decide whether to accept liability. If your claim is accepted, they will provide the necessary benefits for your medical treatment and wage replacement. However, if your claim is denied, you have the right to request a hearing before the VWCC to contest the denial.

Medical Treatment and Wage Replacement

Virginia workers’ compensation provides coverage for reasonable and necessary medical treatment related to your work-related injury or illness. These benefits include doctor visits, hospitalization, surgical procedures, medication, and rehabilitative services. The VWCA specifically addresses medical benefits in §65.2-603 of the Code of Virginia.

Furthermore, workers’ compensation provides wage replacement benefits to compensate for lost wages due to temporary total disability (TTD) or permanent total disability (PTD). TTD benefits are two-thirds of the employee’s average weekly wage, capped at a certain maximum. PTD benefits continue indefinitely and are also two-thirds of the average weekly wage, subject to the maximum set by law. The VWCA outlines wage replacement benefits in §65.2-500 of the Code of Virginia.

Dispute Resolution

As disputes may arise during the workers’ compensation process, the VWCC acts as a forum for resolving such issues. The Commission offers mediation services to facilitate settlements between the parties involved. In the event mediation fails to yield a resolution, a formal hearing may be scheduled before a deputy commissioner. The decision made by the deputy commissioner may be appealed within 30 days to the Full Commission, and further appeals can be made to the Court of Appeals of Virginia and ultimately the Supreme Court of Virginia, if necessary.

Legal Representation

Navigating the complexities of the workers’ compensation system can be challenging, especially when disputes arise. Hiring an experienced workers’ compensation attorney is highly recommended to ensure your rights are protected and you receive fair compensation for your injuries or illness. A skilled lawyer can assist you throughout the process, from filing the initial claim to representing you in hearings and appeals.


Understanding Virginia workers’ compensation claims is crucial for employees who have suffered work-related injuries or illnesses. By following the procedures outlined in the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Act and adhering to statutory requirements, individuals can maximize their chances of securing deserved compensation. However, the intricacies of the workers’ compensation system are best navigated with the guidance of an experienced attorney who can protect your rights and advocate for your best interests. Remember, in the pursuit of workers’ compensation benefits, knowledge and legal representation are key.