Understanding Permanent Impairment and Its Impact on Workers’ Compensation in Virginia

In the realm of workers’ compensation, permanent impairment is a term that holds significant weight. When an employee sustains a work-related injury or illness in Virginia, they may be entitled to compensation for not only their medical expenses and lost wages but also for any permanent impairments that result from the incident. Here, we will delve into what constitutes a permanent impairment, its significance, and how it affects the workers’ compensation claim process in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Defining Permanent Impairment

Before exploring the legal aspects, it is crucial to understand what a permanent impairment is within the context of a workers’ compensation case. A permanent impairment refers to any lasting physical or mental damage or loss suffered by an employee due to a work-related accident or occupational disease. It can manifest in various forms, such as chronic pain, reduced mobility, organ damage, vision or hearing loss, cognitive impairments, or psychological trauma.

Distinguishing Temporary Disability from Permanent Impairment

It is essential to differentiate between temporary disability and permanent impairment in workers’ compensation cases in Virginia. Temporary disability refers to the time an employee is unable to work due to their injuries, whereas permanent impairment encompasses the lasting effects or disabilities that the employee will endure beyond the recovery period.

Temporary disability benefits are typically paid as wage replacement during the injured worker’s recovery phase, whereas permanent impairment benefits aim to compensate for the lingering physical or mental effects that may influence the employee’s quality of life and future employability.

Virginia Laws Regarding Permanent Impairment

In Virginia, permanent impairment is assessed and compensated based on the workers’ compensation laws outlined in the Code of Virginia. Section §65.2-503 defines permanent partial disability as the permanent loss, loss of use, or loss of function of a specific body part or system.

Additionally, §65.2-503 quantifies the compensation for permanent partial disability based on ratings assigned by medical professionals. The law sets forth specific statutory loss values corresponding to various body parts, systems, and impairments. These statutory values are utilized to calculate the amount of compensation an injured worker is entitled to receive for their permanent impairment.

Evaluating Permanent Impairment

The evaluation of permanent impairment is a complex process that necessitates the expertise of medical professionals specializing in workers’ compensation cases. Upon reaching maximum medical improvement (MMI), a term indicating that the employee’s condition has stabilized and is not expected to improve significantly, a qualified medical evaluator will examine the worker.

The medical evaluator will assess the worker’s impairments and apply impairment rating guidelines, such as those established by the American Medical Association (AMA). The AMA Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment provides criteria for doctors to evaluate the extent of loss or impairment by considering various factors, including functional limitations, pain levels, and the impact on the individual’s ability to perform activities of daily living.

Factors Affecting Compensation for Permanent Impairment

Several factors influence the compensation awarded for permanent impairment in Virginia workers’ compensation cases:

1. Impairment Rating Percentage:

The higher the assigned impairment rating percentage, the greater the potential compensation will be. Virginia law utilizes a schedule of compensation based on these percentages to determine the monetary value of permanent impairments.

2. Average Weekly Wage:

An employee’s average weekly wage at the time of the accident plays a vital role in determining the benefits awarded. Virginia law specifies that workers can receive up to two-thirds of their pre-injury average weekly wage as compensation for permanent impairments.

3. Nature and Extent of the Impairment:

The severity and duration of the impairment significantly impact the compensation amount. More severe impairments or those affecting multiple body parts are generally associated with higher compensation values.

The Importance of Legal Representation

Given the complexity of evaluating and quantifying permanent impairment, obtaining legal representation from a skilled workers’ compensation attorney becomes crucial. An experienced attorney can help injured workers navigate the legal process, ensure their rights are protected, and advocate for fair compensation for their permanent impairments.

Furthermore, an attorney knowledgeable in Virginia workers’ compensation law can assist in gathering necessary medical evidence, negotiating with insurance companies, and presenting a compelling case to the Virginia Workers’ Compensation Commission when seeking compensation for permanent impairments.


When an employee sustains a work-related injury or illness in Virginia, it is crucial to understand the concept of permanent impairment and its implications. By recognizing the distinction between temporary disability and permanent impairment, being aware of the relevant Virginia laws, and seeking legal assistance, injured workers can maximize their chances of receiving fair compensation for their lasting physical or mental impairments. If you need assistance or have any questions regarding workers’ compensation and permanent impairments in Virginia, consult with an experienced workers’ compensation attorney who can guide you through the complexities of the legal process.