Workers’ Compensation and Returning to Work in Virginia

Workers’ Compensation is a crucial system that provides protection and support for employees who sustain work-related injuries or suffer from occupational diseases. In the Commonwealth of Virginia, employers are required by law to carry workers’ compensation insurance to ensure that their employees receive prompt and necessary medical attention and wage replacement when they experience work-related injuries. Moreover, as an injured worker in Virginia, it is important to understand your rights and obligations when it comes to returning to work.

Understanding Temporary Total Disability Benefits

If you have suffered a job-related injury in Virginia, you may be entitled to receive Temporary Total Disability (TTD) benefits. TTD benefits serve as wage replacement for the time you are unable to work due to your injuries. In Virginia, these benefits are equal to two-thirds of your average weekly wage, up to a statutory maximum, and are typically paid for as long as you remain unable to work or until you reach maximum medical improvement.

When determining your eligibility for TTD benefits, it is essential to remember that you must demonstrate that you are medically unable to perform any work. If you are capable of returning to work in a modified or light-duty capacity, you may still be entitled to receive wage loss benefits.

Returning to Work in a Modified Capacity

Returning to work after a work-related injury can be a critical step towards your overall recovery. Recognizing the importance of easing injured workers back into the workforce, Virginia law encourages employers to make reasonable accommodations or offer modified duty positions when possible.

If your injury prevents you from returning to your previous position, your employer may be required to provide you with a modified duty job that accommodates your medical restrictions. These modified positions are intended to help you gradually resume work while you continue to recover.

It is important to note that a modified duty position may not necessarily match your pre-injury pay. However, under Virginia law, if your new position pays less than your previous one, you may be entitled to Temporary Partial Disability (TPD) benefits. TPD benefits provide wage replacement equal to two-thirds of the difference between your pre-injury average weekly wage and your current modified duty wage.

The Role of Vocational Rehabilitation Services

In some cases, returning to your previous job or finding suitable alternative employment becomes challenging due to the nature of your injury or the absence of modified duty positions. In these situations, vocational rehabilitation services can play a crucial role in assisting you with re-entry into the workforce.

Virginia law recognizes the importance of vocational rehabilitation services and allows injured workers to be evaluated by vocational experts. These experts can help identify your transferable skills, assess your ability to perform different types of work, and suggest vocational training programs that may enhance your future employment prospects.

Ensuring Continued Benefits and Available Remedies

While returning to work is an important milestone in your recovery, it is essential to understand that your workers’ compensation benefits may continue even after you have returned to work. Under Virginia law, if you accept a modified duty job and your wages are less than your pre-injury average weekly wage, you may still be entitled to receive TPD benefits to make up for the difference.

If your employer fails to provide appropriate modified or light-duty work, and you are capable of such work, you may be eligible for TTD benefits even if you refuse the offer. Consult with an experienced workers’ compensation attorney to understand your rights and determine the best course of action.


Returning to work after a work-related injury can be a challenging process. Understanding your rights and obligations regarding workers’ compensation benefits and returning to work is crucial to protect your well-being and secure the benefits to which you may be entitled.

In Virginia, the law is designed to facilitate your successful return to the workforce and ensure you receive the necessary support during your recovery. Familiarize yourself with the Workers’ Compensation Act of Virginia and consult with a knowledgeable attorney to navigate the complexities of the system effectively.

Remember, as an injured worker, you have rights, and obtaining professional legal guidance can help safeguard your interests and facilitate your transition back to work.